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Currently Spain has a population of 47,741,068 people practically 50/50 between men and women. Spain's population is estimated to reach 47,846,084 at the beginning of 2016. The natural increase is expected to be positive, as the number of births will exceed the number of deaths by an estimated 88,485.

If external migration remains on the previous year level, the population will be increased by an estimated 185 057 due to the migration reasons. It means that amount of people who move into Spain (to which they are not native) in order to settle there as permanent residents (immigrants) will prevail over the amount of people who leave the country to settle permanently in another country (emigrants).

Spain's population density is 94.1 people per square kilometre as of August 2015. Density of population is calculated as the permanently settled population of Spain divided by total area of the country. The total area of Spain is 505,370 km2 according to the United Nations Statistics Division.

15.1% - percentage of population under 15 years old

67.7% - percentage of population between 15 and 64 years old

17.1% - percentage of population above 64 years old

The literacy rate for a male youth (% of males ages 15-24) in Spain was 99.64 as of 2012. Its highest value over the past 31 years was 99.65 in 2011, while its lowest value was 98.64 in 1981.

The literacy rate for a female youth (% of females ages 15-24) in Spain was 99.71 as of 2012. Its highest value over the past 31 years was 99.75 in 2011, while its lowest value was 98.64 in 1981.

(Definition: Youth literacy rate is the percentage of people ages 15-24 who can both read and write with understanding a short simple statement about their everyday life.)

Freedom of religion is guaranteed by the Spanish Constitution, although the majority of the population is Catholic. Other religions also practiced in Spain include Islam, Judaism, Protestantism, and Hinduism, all of which have places where to conduct their rituals.

In 2014 after Pope Francis was elected, the number of Spaniards who declared themselves Catholics rose from 70% to 71%. 8% of them go to church on occasions and 15,5% go to church at least once a week.

Last Updated: 08/2015
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